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Cyclic Imine Toxins and Organisms

New additions are indicated by an asterisk (*). Last update: 5 July 2010.

Kindly send suggestions of HAB links you would like us to add, corrections for broken links, or corrections to the text that describes the link, to Anke Kremp (ISSHA's Secretary).


Spirolide / Gymnodimine

Cyclic Imine Toxins Certified Reference Materials: National Research Council of Canada, Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) program, Halifax, NS, Canada. Available standards: CRM-GYM (gymnodimine); CRM-SPX1 (13-desmethyl spirolide C; certificate of analysis) (Archived content)

* Scientific Opinion on marine biotoxins in shellfish – Cyclic imines (spirolides, gymnodimines, pinnatoxins and pteriatoxins): European Food Safety Authority; 19 May 2010. PDF files on the Summary and Opinion

* The presence of pinnatoxins in Norwegian mussels: National Veterinary Institute, Oslo, Norway. PDF file of the report, by C.O. Miles et al. (2009)

* ChemDraw template for Spirolides (among other biotoxins): National Veterinary Institute, Oslo, Norway. Contact Chris Miles if you would like to suggest corrections or improvements to the template


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