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Cyclic Imine Toxins and Organisms

New additions are indicated by an asterisk (*). Last update: 5 July 2010.

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Spirolide / Gymnodimine

Cyclic Imine Toxins Certified Reference Materials: National Research Council of Canada, Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) program, Halifax, NS, Canada. Available standards: CRM-GYM (gymnodimine); CRM-SPX1 (13-desmethyl spirolide C; certificate of analysis) (Archived content)

* Scientific Opinion on marine biotoxins in shellfish – Cyclic imines (spirolides, gymnodimines, pinnatoxins and pteriatoxins): European Food Safety Authority; 19 May 2010. PDF files on the Summary and Opinion

* The presence of pinnatoxins in Norwegian mussels: National Veterinary Institute, Oslo, Norway. PDF file of the report, by C.O. Miles et al. (2009)

* ChemDraw template for Spirolides (among other biotoxins): National Veterinary Institute, Oslo, Norway. Contact Chris Miles if you would like to suggest corrections or improvements to the template


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Triste nouvelle


Dr. Yves Collos, head of the Harmful Algal Blooms and Diversity group at CNRS, Montpellier, France passed away on October 25 2015.

ICHA16 Proceedings


The Proceedings of ICHA16 Wellington, NZ, 2014 are now published online.

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ISSHA Council presents new society logo

Prof. Y. Halim In Memoriam


We are sad to communicate that Prof. Youssef Halim (1925-2015) passed away on 18 May 2015 in Alexandria, Egypt.

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